Ciao a tutti! Today we will see:A - What
Ciao a tutti! Today we will see:
A - What is Gerundio
B - How to translate Gerundio in English
A. Gerundio is the tense which expresses an action made at the same moment of another one. We form Gerundio by adding the suffix -ndo to the verb.
The present form is called Gerundio Presente and is formed adding the "-ndo" suffix to the verb:
The past form is called Gerundio Passato or Composto and is formed adding the "-ndo" suffix to the auxiliary "essere" or "avere" and the past participle of the main verb:
"avendo visitato", "essendo tornato"
B - Gerundio is sometimes translated in English with the Present continuous, but to do that, the form would be:
stare + verb-ndo
to be + verb-ing
Cosa stai facendo? What are you doing?
Sto preparando la cena - I'm cooking the dinner
When you want to translate the Past Continuous you should make the past form of the verb "stare":
Stavamo parlando seriemente - We were talking seriously.
ATTENTION: you cannot always translate Present or Past Continuous with Gerundio and viceversa (see C):
For example if you are talking about something that youv'e planned to do in the future:
We're going (present continuous) to Italy next month - Andremo (future present) in Italia il mese prossimo.
C - Italians use Gerundio also to explain how they're doing an action.
Non capirò niente se mi parli gesticolando in quel modo - I won't understand anything if you talk and gesticulate that way.
Further readings could be a previous lesson about the Italian auxiliaries:
I may have missed to explain something or I should explain it better, so don't hesitate to ask me any question.