Happy Birthday Italia!
Today we celebrate the unification of Italy and remember "il Risorgimento" (The Resurgence), a 19th century political and social movement that united all the various states on the Italian peninsula into a single country.
Following years of revolutions, wars and expeditions, national unity was proclaimed on March 17th, 1861 in Turin. Turin then became the new country’s first capital, remaining the capital city for four years until the central government was moved to Florence in 1865. Rome became the final capital in 1871 when unification was complete.