The verb ‘fare’ literally translates as ‘to do’ or ‘to make’, but depending on the context it can also mean ‘to have’, ‘to take’, ‘to go’, ‘to be’, ‘to let’. It is one of the most commonly used verbs in Italian.
It is an irregular verb and in the present tense it is conjugated:
Lui / Lei fa
The past participle is also irregular, and is ‘fatto’.
There are many ways to use this verb. For example, when asking someone about their job in Italian, you would use the verb ‘fare’.
Che lavoro fai? - What is your job?
To answer this question, you can use ‘fare’, such as:
Faccio il medico - I am a doctor
Faccio il giardiniere - I am a gardener
Faccio la professoressa - I am a teacher
You could also use the verb ‘essere’ (to be) to tell someone what your job is in Italian:
Sono una dentista - I am a dentist
Sono un fornaio - I am a baker
The verb ‘fare’ is often used when talking about hobbies.
Che cosa fai nel tempo libero? - What do you do in your free time?
Here are some hobbies that use the verb ‘fare’:
Faccio sport - I play sport
Mi piace fare delle passeggiate - I like to go for walks
Faccio le foto - I take photos
‘Fare’ is commonly used when talking about the weather.
Che tempo fa - What is the weather like?
Fa bel tempo - It is nice weather
Fa cattivo tempo - It is miserable weather
Fa caldo - It is hot
Fa freddo - It is cold
In primavera fa sempre fresco - It is always cool in spring
Ieri ha fatto caldissimo - Yesterday it was really hot
When talking about maths calculations, you would use ‘fare’ to mean ‘equals’.
Due per quattro fa otto - two times four is eight
There are some expressions that always use ‘fare’, here is a selection below:
A casa - At home
Fare colazione - to have breakfast
Fare una doccia - to have a shower
Fare un bagno - to have a bath
Fare la spesa - to go food shopping
Fare un pisolino - to have a nap
Fare da mangiare - to make something to eat
Fare il bucato - to do the laundry
A scuola - At school
Fare gli esami - to take exams
Fare una pausa - to take a break
Fare una domanda - to ask a question
Fare i compiti - to do homework
Fare di tutto - to do everything possible
Fare il bravo / la brava - to be good
In vacanza - On holiday
Fare una fotografia - to take a photo
Fare un viaggio - to take a trip
Fare la valigia - to pack a suitcase
Fare un giro - to have a wander around
Fare il biglietto - to buy a ticket
Fare la fila / la coda - to wait in line / in a queue
Fare un brindisi - to make a toast
Con amici - With friends
Fare amicizia - to make friends
Fare una telefonata - to make a call
Fare pace - to make up / to make peace
Fare due chiacchiere - to have a chat
Fare finta - to pretend
Fare presto - to be early
Fare tardi - to be late
Fare in tempo - to be on time
Fare una festa - to have a party
Avere molto da fare - to have a lot to do
Fare un regalo - to give a present
Fare una sorpresa - to surprise
Fare + infinitive
‘Fare’ + an infinitive verb can mean ‘to make’, ‘to get’ or ‘to let’. Here are some examples:
Fai riparare la macchina - Get the car fixed
Fai andare via Laura - Make Laura go away / get Laura to go away
Fammi sapere - Let me know
Marco mi ha fatto ridere - Marco made me laugh
Fallo studiare! - This could mean ‘make him to study’ (persuade him) or ‘let him study’ (don’t distract him), depending on the context
There are many proverbs and sayings which use ‘fare’, see some below:
Chi la fa l’aspetti - What comes around goes around
Chi fa da sé fa per tre - If you want something done well, do it yourself
Tra il dire e il fare c’è di mezzo il mare - It is easier said than done
Fare orecchio da mercante - To turn a deaf ear
Fare d’ogni erba un fascio - To tar everyone with the same brush
Tutto fa brodo - Every little bit helps
I hope this lesson has helped with your understanding of the verb ‘fare’ and that you’ll use it in Italian conversation soon!